In this podcast, I talk about what I learned about cotton and spinning cotton in a class at SAFF this year. I also had the chance to do some fiber and fleece shopping, and talk about that experience.
I mentioned that I would list the four currently grown species of cotton plants and their details.
Gossypium hirsutum Known as upland cotton and native to Central America, Mexico, the Caribbean and Southern Florida. This species accounts for 90% of commercial cotton grown.
Gossypium barbadense Known as extra-long staple cotton, and is native to South America. This species accounts for 8% of all cotton grown.
Gossypium arboreum Known as tree cotton, it is native to India and Pakistan. This species accounts for 2% of all commercial cotton grown.
Gossypium herbacaum Known as Levant cotton this species is native to Africa and the Arabian Peninsula and is the last percentage of the cotton grown world wide.
Extra long staple cotton requires special ginning, known as roller gins. This type cotton can only be grown in a few places in the world, because it requires a long season and will not tolerate rain before harvest. Currently California and Arizona are the two US areas growing this cotton.